The Emoji 12.0 list for 2019 has been finalised - but don't hold your breath for a frowning poo emoji.
How are new emojis made?
Emojis are defined by a group called the Unicode Consortium, comprised of representatives from a number of hardware and software companies. They agree on updates to the Unicode Standard, which is a common means of encoding and representing text in digital formats. It's the foundation of transmitting and displaying text on nearly all modern digital platforms.
Emojis are a part of the Unicode standard, and the group gets together each year to decide which new icons will be added to the official list. On February 5, Unicode announced that the Emoji 12.0 list has been finalised and is ready for implementation.
A focus on diversity and inclusion
But if there's an overall theme to the Emoji 12.0 list, it's greater inclusion and representation. Those 59 new emojis become 230 when you consider the 171 variants to account for gender and skin tone. Many of them account for combinations of two people holding hands, including two men, two women, and two gender-neutral people (to represent non-binary people, or to use when the gender is unknown or unspecified). These all come in a variety of skin tone combinations.
People with disabilities are far better represented in the new emojis, too. The consortium has agreed to include all nine of Apple's proposed accessibility emojis, including people in wheelchairs, ears with hearing aids, deaf people, guide dogs, people with canes, and mechanical arms and legs.
When will you get them?
Once the new Emoji list is ratified and released, it is up to software makers (typically those that make operating systems) to implement them. There are specific guidelines about what each icon should include, but the artwork itself is otherwise not standardised. Apple, Microsoft, Samsung, and Google all have their own emoji art.
Apple is generally pretty quick to implement new emojis, and they can come from either major or minor iOS and macOS updates. There were more than 70 new emojis in iOS 12.1, for example. We haven't seen any of these new emojis in the iOS 12.2 beta, and don't yet know if they will come in an iOS 12 update or this fall with iOS 13.
Some software makers, like Twitter and Facebook, create their own emojis for use on the web and inside their apps on certain platforms (though iOS apps generally use Apple's emojis). So you may see some of the new emojis on the web before Apple includes them in an iOS or macOS update.
The complete Emoji 12.0 list
Find the entire list of new emojis on the excellent Emojipedia site. Note that you won't be able to find a 'frowning poo emoji' in that list; that monstrosity has been deemed far too controversial by the Unicode Consortium.